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What is CBD? The Essentials That You Must Know



What is CBD

Cannabis is a plant that has been existent for ages. People from different parts of the world had reaped this plant’s benefits until the early 20th century when it was considered illegal. But now people are starting to realize the plant’s benefits, especially one of its common cannabidiol compounds. Common questions that people ask themselves are CBD products safe? Are they legal? And what is CBD? If you are one of them, do not worry. In this article, we shall comprehensively address this.

What is CBD?

Since CBD is a name that is now on everyone’s lips, we must understand about cannabidiol. CBD, or cannabinoid, is a substance that is found in the cannabis Sativa plant. It’s the second most famous cannabis Sativa plant after THC or tetrahydrocannabinol. The difference between the two is that cannabidiol is non-intoxicating and, therefore, safe for an individual to use. Cannabidiol has been purported to have so many health benefits to the person that consumes CBD products. Among the said benefits is that it can help alleviate pain. It’s for this reason that there are so many cannabidiol stores in the US and abroad. Probably, there is one CBD store around your vicinity. Cannabidiol is a derivative of the hemp plant. Hemp and marijuana are both from the Cannabis Sativa family.

Types of CBD

Generally, there are three types – CBD isolates, Full-spectrum, and Broad-spectrum. If you do not know which of this is suitable for you, pay close attention to what we will be talking about in this section as they will help you make an informed decision.

CBD Isolate, just as the name implies, that has been isolated from other cannabis Sativa plant compounds. Know that the cannabis Sativa plant has a lot of compounds that include terpenes and phenolic compounds. The extraction process undergoes two steps. In the first step, cannabidiol is extracted from the plant. The second step goes through winterization, which removes compounds such as terpenes.

The full spectrum CBD, on the other hand, contains all the beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes. To some extent, it might contain THC. The broad-spectrum CBD is much like the Full spectrum only that it has undergone a refinement process to remove the THC.

How Does CBD Work?

Researchers who have delved into researching how CBD works when consumed associate it with the Endocannabinoid System or ECS. Until the 1990s, biologists did not know that the system exists. Still, to date, there is much that is unknown about this system. The few things that we know are that the ECS is found in the body of all living organisms and is found in every organ in the body.

Research has found that the ECS can respond to the endogenous cannabinoids produced in the body, and it can react to phytocannabinoids or cannabidiol to enhance its function. Inside the system, there are two types of endocannabinoid receptors known as CB1 and CB2. The former exists in large quantities in the brain while the latter is found in the immune system’s cells. Therefore, CB1 receptors are responsible for the brain’s healthy functioning while CB2 combat conditions such as pain and inflammation in the body.

Is CBD Safe?

There is a widespread belief that cannabidiol products are generally safe for someone to use, and there have been a plethora of benefits that have been associated with them. We cannot concur with this, but something worth mentioning is that research here is inconclusive. For instance, research conducted on rats on CBD’s ability to treat arthritis showed a positive result. It must be remembered that rats are no humans. There still are some side-effects of CBD though the body will tolerate them.

What is Cannabidiol Laws?

The question on the CBD legality and of cannabis Sativa plants is one that steers a lot of debate. To effectively address this issue, we have to discuss THC and CBD. THC is associated with psychoactive behaviors and is thus illegal by federal law. THC is found in large quantities in marijuana, while cannabidiol is found on the hemp plant.

The above question now shifts into hemp Vs. Marijuana, which is legal? The illegal plant in most states is marijuana because of the high level of THC, while hemp is legal in most of the states in the US. The farm bill of 2018, which legalized hemp plant, legalized the use of cannabidiol products with a THC content less than 0.3%.

What is CBD

Different Types/Forms of Cannabidiol products

Are you going to buy CBD products? Cannabidiol products generally come in many forms depending on how you are going to use them. What are these forms? Here are they below


This product (CBD oil) is by far the most common form of cannabidiol product, especially in the general health sector. Cannabidiol oil for pain is extracted from the hemp plant, and then it’s diluted with care oil such as the hemp seed oil. It helps in the treatment of joint pains, inflammation, asthma, nausea, cancer, and sleeping disorder.


Mostly, CBD cream is from the family of CBD topical and can be used for the treatment of localized pain, such as inflammation. They are applied directly to the skin. CBD topical can include cream and lotion. The difference between CBD lotion and cream is the concentration of water.


CBD gummies are a form of edibles. They are often tasty. They are food that has been contaminated with cannabidiol. Like any other cannabidiol form, they are very potent in helping alleviate problems such as sleep disorders, pain, and tension.


You might be wondering what is CBD capsule and how it differs from the other capsules. CBD capsules are a type of cannabidiol product that will deliver more consistent dosing than CBD oil as each dose is premeasured. They are very common and can be found in any cannabidiol product store. Sometimes they could have other substances that are considered beneficial for the body.


CBD Crystals are the purest form of cannabidiol that can be extracted from the hemp plant and has a high concentration of cannabidiol. Companies utilize it with other medical or natural products to make a product which is a natural herbal medicine, oil, or anything edible such as foods—mixed with other organic elements.


This is a form of CBD isolate that is in a solid-state. Just like CBD isolates, CBD shatter does not contain any other cannabis compound. It contains pure CBD and has a hard and brittle texture that seems to shatter so easily. Also, it can look like wax, but by touching it, one can recognize the difference.

Vape oil

CBD for vaping is referred to as CBD vape oil; however, it does not contain any actual oil. It’s made from food-grade ingredients that are taken orally. Vaping is an alternative to smoking and is still less harmful to smoking. However, this does not mean that one can escape the effects of smoking from CBD vapes.

How Can You Buy CBD Products?

Depending on the need, you might want to buy CBD for pets, or gummies for anxiety. How should you go about it? The truth is the CBD market is highly unregulated, and there is a chance that you can buy a product that does not have the cannabidiol products as required by the FDA. Sometimes, the product’s labels from some CBD brands can be misleading, and they could include the THC or other synthetic products. Therefore, you must exercise extreme caution when buying cannabidiol products. This is common, especially with online products.

Also, before you buy them, consult your doctor as they can tell which cannabidiol products are the best. Check for third-party lab testing too. This is important as it will help you know that the products on the label are correct. The extraction method is something to consider. The safest method that eliminates the probability of having contaminants is the CO2 extraction method.

Can CBD Make You Feel High?

Another common question is, will CBD get you high? Cannabidiol is not psychoactive and can, therefore, not get you high. THC is the substance that can make you feel high, and it’s for this reason why it’s illegal. The benefits of CBD on the body are alleviating pain and anxiety among others.

Biologically, when THC products are ingested into the body, they stimulate the CB1 receptors of the ECS system, which activates euphoria. cannabidiol can stop the ability of THC to stimulate the CB1 Receptor, therefore, suppressing the side effects of THC. Anyone who experiences an intense feeling of nervousness should ensure that they are using cannabidiol products.

What is The Right Dose?

In reality, there is nothing like the correct dosage. Some side effects are associated with cannabidiol as a result of the tolerance level. For this reason, the dosage varies greatly per individual. What you take might not necessarily be the same as what a friend or a neighbor could take. It also depends on what form of cannabidiol you are buying. The dosage for CBD tinctures is different from those of CBD topical. The dosage of CBD is a matter of trial and error. Therefore, you always start with a small dosage and progress lowly to a higher dosage. Always consult the doctor before trying a cannabidiol product so that he/she can guide you through the process.

Will CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?

An important point to note that does CBD really shows on a drug test or not. Another important point to note regarding this is that no drug test tests for CBD. What they test for is THC in the blood. These tests can be conducted on blood, urine, and even hair. They are very thorough and can identify the drug that you are using.

If you have been consuming cannabidiol products, there is a chance that you can test positive for drugs. This is because some products have a high level of THC than the recommended one. It needs to always check that the CBD vs THC levels are legit. Always buy CBD isolate products as they do not have the compounds that might test positive for drugs.

Final Thought

In this article, we have tried to be very comprehensive in helping you understand about cannabidiol. And if you have come to this end then, you have learned all there is to know about cannabidiol. There is one point that we would like to reiterate. Cannabidiol products are highly unregulated. Do not buy CBD products that you get in a store. Evaluate them to ascertain that the condition put forward by the FDA are observed. Otherwise, you could be using THC products unknowingly because the sellers of these products have become so witty to such an extent that they can alter the labels and provide false information.

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