There are many occurrences that the researchers attribute to climate change; among the lead issues that are now rampant include global warming, air pollution, and the greenhouse effect. All effects of climate change are not easy to understand unless you understand what climate and weather imply. The intro to weather and climate will instill you with everything you need to know about weather and climate. The article will also impart to you knowledge on how climate change and the impact on weather.
What Exactly is the Weather?
The weather has several definitions, but they all attempt to give one similar meaning. The factors that determine it are state of wetness, dryness, calmness, and cloudiness. The weather will then imply that it is a daily state of the atmosphere. The conditions will be changing over time, depending on what prevails on a specific day. The weather reflects the short-term conditions of an area and can be days, week’s months, or even years.
What Exactly is Climate?
A weather station will be taking the weather records in a day in averaging. It is possible to keep the records for years. It reaches a point after many years where the weather station will do the annual averages. Long-term average weather statistics, whether it is monthly or yearly averages, are called climate. The weather statistics can be averaged for over 30 years to determine the climate. Climate, therefore, is the variability of weather variables within a period.
Are Regional Climates Different from the Global Climate?
Yes, there is a difference between regional and global climate. Intro to weather and climate attempts to impart the reader the knowledge about the difference. First, regional climate focuses on specific regions on the planet. The regional climate gives details about the weather conditions in a place over a long period. It is prudent to note that every part of the world has a specific climatic nature because they fall in different altitudes and latitudes. Some regions can experience prolonged cold seasons, while other areas like the sub-Saharan regions will be experiencing arid conditions. Averaging all these conditions in a specific region gives a specific regional climate.
The global climate combines and averages all the regional climatic conditions over a long period to give a general view of the climate on the planet. It describes the planet’s-climate by studying all the factors that are universal to all the regions.
How Does Climate Change?
Weather and climate have been changing over time, though it may be quite challenging to notice the change. The intro to weather and climate will briefly deliberate on how climate change. It will be paramount to understand the factors that cause climate change.
Scientist has raised concerns about global warming. They attribute it to the earth’s atmosphere trapping heat radiations from the earth’s surface. Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons are global warming causes. The gases can block the heat from escaping since they do not respond to any chemical change. These types of gases are greenhouse gases, and they produce a greenhouse effect.
The industrial revolution is the major player contributing to the increase in greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. The natural sources of greenhouse gases were not sufficient to cause an imbalance. The technological innovations have increased the gases leading to an imbalance which they refer to as global warming. The use of organic fertilizers is the reason there is an increase in the amount of nitrous oxide. Chlorofluorocarbons are other types of gases that have led to the destruction of the Ozone layer.
Tropical storm activities are drastically increasing in some regions such as the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. All these drastic changes may be a result of climate change. There is also a likelihood of an increase in droughts and heat-waves. The summer temperatures will rise hence influencing the weather conditions of the affected regions.
An increase in industrial revolutions interferes with the natural greenhouse. Human practices such as burning fossil combine oxygen and carbon to release carbon dioxide affecting the balance. Land clearing practices also reduce the consumers of the CO2 hence making the levels of it increase since humans excrete it.
How Climate Change Affects Weather
- An increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases will increase the temperature levels. The temperature rise will enhance evaporation and precipitation resulting in storms and heavy rains.
- Certain regions of the planet will experience high temperatures, while other areas will experience extreme colds.
- Global warming will begin interfering with water levels in the oceans. High temperatures will melt glaciers hence affecting the sea levels.
- Crop losses may occur due to an increase in CO2, floods, and temperatures. CO2 also favors the growth of weeds, fungi, and pests, negatively affecting crop production.
- The rise in methane gases released due to human activities causes temperatures to rise. The temperature will interfere with the weather conditions of a region.
- Climate change has caused the total annual precipitation to increase. Though, in some regions such as the southwest, the shifting weather patterns have caused some areas to experience fewer rains.
The effects of climate change on weather may not be direct, but the impact will be evident after a long time. The results of global warming have a direct influence on the weather. All this has research backing from the recent weather and climatic results.
All evidence confirms the changes in weather and climate with time. Knowledge of global warming is a milestone in understanding climate change. Reversing the factors that cause climate change will need a mutual understanding and establishment of universals laws that will guide all regions in the world. All this appears to be a dream yet to be achieved because some nations focus on the industrial innovations that may increase the consequences instead of relieving them.
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